And in 25 times out of 26 tests there is no excess argon or there is so little excess argon that it will make only a tiny error, if any, in the final date for rocks millions of years old. Thus Dalrymple’s data is not consistent with a young Earth whatsoever.
As part of his seminal work on excess argon, Dalrymple (1969) dated 26 historical lava flows with K-Ar to determine whether excess argon was present.
Of the 26 lava flows that were sampled and analyzed, 18 of them gave expected results. Eight rocks yielded unrealistic dates, which were either too old because of the presence of excess 40Ar (5 of them) or too young (negative ages) because of the presence of excess 36Ar (3 of them).
Even that significant error is only 1.19 million years (and not the 1.60 million years that Snelling claimed).
If the identical rock had been formed 50 million years ago, the K-Ar would give a "false" age of a little over 51 million years.
Indeed, if Dalrymple’s data is representative, 3 times out of 26 the K-Ar method will give a too young date (though by only an extremely trivial amount for a rock that is really millions of years old).
The one case that would have produced a significant error, the Hualalai flow in Hawaii, was expected (see the previous essay). Naughton, 1968, 'Radiogenic Helium and Argon in Ultramafic Inclusions from Hawaii,' J.
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We thank you in advance for partnering with us in this small but significant way. All methods of radioactive dating rely on three assumptions that may not necessarily be true: It is assumed that the rate of decay has remained constant over time.
Thus this data is strongly supportive of mainstream geology.' [author's emphasis] As discussed at Ar-Ar Dating Assumes There is No Excess Argon? 49), the ONLY sample of the 26 that had significant excess argon also had very noticeable xenoliths (older rock contaminants that were incorporated into the magma as it rose through the Earth to the surface). Lanphere, 1969, Potassium-Argon Dating, Freeman, San Francisco.
Furthermore, as discussed in Funkhouser and Naughton (1968, p.
In addition, excess argon is even less of a problem with Ar-Ar dating, where excess argon can often be distinguished from radiogenic argon and its effects eliminated (Mc Dougall and Harrison, 1999, p. , Snelling failed to properly quote the 'apparent K-Ar dates' from Table 2 in Dalrymple (1969, p. That is, Snelling mistakenly listed the concentrations of 40Ar (in 10 to the -12 moles/gram) for the Hualalai, Mt. Lassen, and Sunset Crater samples as their apparent K-Ar dates!!